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COVID-19警告:白宫注意~清洁表面~基因组追踪

2020年4月9日
:所有员工
来源:大流行工作组
再保险:COVID-19:白宫的注意事项〜清洁表面〜基因组跟踪

白宫简报
Last night, following the President’s comments, noting that persons with underlying conditions were the most severely affected by the pandemic, Dr. Deborah Birx reiterated that “everyone is susceptible of getting infected, not just those with underlying conditions” (such as asthma, hypertension, heart disease and diabetes). She surveyed trends within the U.S., finding that the NY-NJ-CT-RI area was experiencing 11,000 new cases per day with a 40% positivity rate of those tested, while, at the milder end of the spectrum, Los Angeles metro is experiencing 800 new cases per day and only 9% positivity. She was followed by Dr. Anthony Fauci, who found encouragement in the fact that daily hospitalizations, ICU admittances and intubations in New York City were leveling off. He added that “mitigation is having a positive effect, but you don’t see it until weeks later.” Consistent with these observations, we remain committed toward keeping our employees healthy and our workplaces safe.

清洁表面

根据美国疾病控制与预防中心的指导方针,保持公共场所的表面清洁是非常必要的,以帮助控制大流行。这在公共场所尤其重要,但也适用于工作场所(许多人可能使用相同的门把手、栏杆等)和家里。右边的图表基于《新英格兰医学杂志》提供的信息,显示了冠状病毒在不同表面存活的时间长度。人们特别感兴趣的两种表面是纸币和一次性口罩,纸币携带病毒的时间最长可达四天,一次性口罩携带病毒的时间最长可达七天。鉴于这些事实,明智的做法是尽可能少地使用现金,并在使用一天后丢弃医用级口罩。根据本咨询结束时的图示,我们提供了CDC关于正确清洁表面的建议指南。如你所知,我们已加倍在我们的地点清洁,并继续鼓励经常洗手。

病毒是如何进入美国的
According to an article from today’s New York times, using genome tracing from thousands of cases, geneticists from Mount Sinai and NewYork University in separate studies came to the same conclusion that the COVID-19 virus came to the New York region through people traveling back from Europe. Knowing that a virus mutates slightly each time it spreads from one person to the next, researchers collected and analyzed the genome of the virus from patients in different regions at different times. When a particular mutation that had infected multiple people in the EU mysteriously appeared in New York City, researchers concluded that that version was carried from one region to the other. Researchers also found that this virus was silently transmitting within New York weeks before the first positive test result on March 1. In similar studies, researchers in Washington state concluded that the virus first appeared in that region from one or more persons traveling back from Wuhan Province in China. Using similar methods, researchers from Penn State University have determined that the virus’s genome makes it clear that it arose from bats, possibly the Chinese horseshoe bat. As a point of encouragement, researchers note that the typical mutation occurring in a single transmission are insignificant and that, like other viruses, COVID-19 should be vulnerable to a single vaccine.

一般清洁指南

美国疾病控制与预防中心发布了如何最有效地清洁表面以控制COVID-19病毒的指导方针。为了您的方便,我们在下面收集了它们。


COVID-19:白宫的注意事项〜清洁表面〜基因组跟踪